Zhangjiakou China



Keywords: Zhangjiakou China
Description: Zhangjiakou, 'Museum' of Great Wall, boasts the sections built in over eight dynasties. Only a few of them can be seen today, including the Dajing Gate.

The Great Wall is a grand military defense line in ancient times, whose construction work had been implemented in many dynasties. Due to the strategic location, nearly all of the dynasties took Zhangjiakou. Heibei Province as a vital military stronghold and built Great Wall there, measuring 1,121 miles (1,804 km) in total and occupying two thirds of the whole length in Hebei Province.

Great Wall in Zhangjiakou City was constructed in over eight dynasties from the Warring States Period (476 BC-221 BC) to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), traversing nearly a 2,000-year time span. The constructional style also varies. Besides the conventional brick laid wall, segments piled of rammed earth and stones are also very common. The top of the wall comes in different shapes, such as round, flat, spire and inclined. Some sections can allow eight people standing shoulder by shoulder, whilst others allow four horses to stand neck to neck. However, there are still some points that are so narrow that it can only allow one person to get through.

Located in the transitional belt of Mongolian Plateau and North China Plain, this city connects the offshoot of Yinshan Mountain in the west, Yanshan Mountain in the east, and is bordered by the northern end of Taihang Mountain in the south. It was a natural boundary between the ancient prairie nomads in North China and the farmers of the Central Plains. The basin in the middle, formed by Sanggan River and Yanghe River, was suitable for large infantry unit to be stationed and moved about. It was this reason that the emperors of many dynasties actively built Great Wall here, making it a huge outdoor museum as time passed by.

It is the most overlapped section. Many parts were built on the foundation of the older sections from the previous dynasties. Some parts in the Batou area, for example, consist of multiple layers built over five dynasties.

The highest point of the Great Wall is located in this city, which stretches from Huapinling Mountain to Bingshanliang Mountain, measuring over 6,562 feet (2,000 meters) in height.

The border trade outside the Zhangjiakou Great Wall was most active, making it one of the busiest cities from the Han Dynasty (202 BC - 220 AD) to the Ming Dynasty.

Tang Dynasty (618 – 907) was considered one of a few dynasties that didn't build the Great Wall. However, sections in Chicheng County were proved to be constructed during that time, refuting that previous opinion.

From the Qin Dynasty (221 – 207 BC) onwards, if the emperors decided to set out a personal expedition to the northern frontier, Zhangjiakou was the access they must take.

Among all the sections, Dajing Gate is the most famous and best-preserved. It used to be an important pass and is the landmark of this city presently, at the northern end of the city. There is a large arched gate in the middle, which measures 39 feet high (12 meters), 10 yards (9 meters) wide and 43 feet (13 meters) thick. Above it hangs a big plaque with four impressive characters 'Da Hao He Shan' (Grand Mountains and Rivers).

The gate used to be the boundary line dividing the Han people in the Central Plain and the nomad tribes of the frontier areas in the Ming Dynasty. Merchants of the tribes can't enter the town inside the gate. Therefore, the region outside the Dajing Gate became an important trade center and communication hub for the people to exchange goods. The nomads traded their cattle, furs, herbs, and silverwares for silk, tea, porcelains and sugar. Due to the prosperous economy, the Qing Government chose Zhangjiakou as the other destination of the first practical railway in China, Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway.

You can get there by taking bus no.16 or no.32 from downtown Zhangjiakou. Get off at Dajingmen Station and walk about 220 yards (201 meters) south to the gate.




Photogallery Zhangjiakou China:



Zhangjiakou - China - SkyscraperCity
Soluble Seaweed Extract Fertilizer, Seaweed Fertilizers, Seaweed ...
China's first mud run held in Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province (1/4 ...

Northern city of Zhangjiakou dreams of hosting 2022 Winter Olympic ...
Photos! Zhangjiakou Dajingmen photos - Great Wall Forum
Tourist volume in scenic zones around Zhangjiakou, China's Hebei ...

Greentree Inn Zhangjiakou Zhangbei Zhongdu Caoyuan Business Hotel ...
Scenery of terraced fields in N China's Zhangjiakou City - Xinhua ...
Zhangjiakou Xuanhua Guoshui Business Hotel Zhangjiakou, China ...

GreenTree Inn Zhangjiakou Jinding Ci'er Mountain Road Business ...
Original Snow Apartment In Zhangjiakou, China 10
N China's Zhangjiakou sees 1st heavy snow in 2015 - Xinhua ...

Original Snow Apartment In Zhangjiakou, China 3
Original Snow Apartment In Zhangjiakou, China
Original Snow Apartment In Zhangjiakou, China 8

File:The Great Wall near Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province, China, 1874 ...
Molten Iron Fireworks Show, Zhangjiakou, China - Molten Iron ...
Greentree Inn Zhangjiakou Yu County Bus Station Business Hotel ...