Zaporizhia Ukraine



Keywords: Zaporizhia Ukraine
Description: Zaporozhye or Zaporizhia . former Aleksandrovsk (before 1921), is a city and administrative center of Zaporozhye region located in southeastern Ukraine. The city stands on the Dnieper River.

Zaporozhye or Zaporizhia. former Aleksandrovsk (before 1921), is a city and administrative center of Zaporozhye region located in southeastern Ukraine. The city stands on the Dnieper River.

It is an important railway hub and river port. There is an airport in the city. Zaporozhye stretches for several kilometers along the Dnieper River, with a green belt separating industrial and residential areas.

It is believed that in 972, Prince of the Kievan Rus Svyatoslav I Igorevich died on the island of Khortitsa.

The history of the town of Alexandrovsk is linked with the construction of a new Dnieper fortified line located between Zaporozhye and Berdyansk at the end of the 18th century. Alexandrovsk fortress was the largest among them, its construction was finished by 1775.

At the end of the 18th century, it became an important transportation center, because building materials for the construction of Kherson and the Black Sea fleet were transported through the town.

The importance of Odessa as a trade city grew and the main trade routes changed. In 1797, the Dnieper fortified line of fortresses was abolished. In 1806, Alexandrovsk received the town status.

The construction of the railway helped the development of the town. When the construction of Lozovo-Sevastopolskaya railway was over, it turned into one of the largest transit freight points.

Before the World War I, the population was 63,600. On March 23, 1921, Alexandrovsk was renamed Zaporozhye.

Before the World War II, it turned into a large industrial city. The power station on the Dnieper (DneproGES) became the symbol of industrialization not only in the area but throughout the USSR. In 1939, the city became the center of a newly formed Zaporozhye oblast (region).

On August 18, 1941, the German army approached the city. The dam of DneproGES was blown up. About 44,000 locals and captives died during the occupation of the city.

Reconstruction of the old part of the city, restoration and development of the new part (Sotsgorod) resulted in their joining in the 1960s.

Due to the abundance of electricity, large metallurgical industry developed, including Zaporozhstal iron and steel plant, factories specializing in high-grade steels made in electric hearths, ferroalloys, titanium and aluminum smelting.




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