Yenakiieve Ukraine



Keywords: Yenakiieve Ukraine
Description: Enakievo (other spellings: Yenakievo, Yenakiieve, Yenakiyeve, Yenakiyevo) is a city located in the eastern part of Donetsk region of Ukraine, about 60 km from Donetsk . The City Day is

Enakievo (other spellings: Yenakievo, Yenakiieve, Yenakiyeve, Yenakiyevo) is a city located in the eastern part of Donetsk region of Ukraine, about 60 km from Donetsk .

The City Day is celebrated on the first weekend of September. The celebration is timed to the anniversary of the liberation of the city from German forces during the World War II.

Permanent settlements on the territory of present day city were founded in 1783. In 1858, Sofiyevsky coal mine was opened there. At the same time, Petrovsky cast-iron plant was constructed.

In 1895, the engineers F.Ye.Enakiev and B.A.Yalovetsky, and several Belgian businessmen founded a Russian-Belgian metallurgic society which, by 1897, constructed a new Petrovsky cast-iron plant around the settlement Fyodorovka. Coal mines were opened around the plant.

Several settlements were formed near them and, in 1898, they were united into one called Enakievsky after the founder of the Russian-Belgian metallurgic society. The writer A.I.Kuprin who worked at the plant in 1896 described workers’ lives in the story “Molokh”.

Before the First World War, several plants were built in Enakievo: coke chemical, brick, beer brewing and butter making.

Petrovsky plant became the third largest metallurgic plant in the southern Russia. In 1913, it produced 349,200 tons of cast-iron and 316,400 tons of steel.

After the World War I and the Civil War of 1919-1921, Petrovsky plant was the only one producing steel. By 1925, the population of the town was 34,000.

In 1928, it was renamed into Rykovo, after Soviet party- and statesman A.I.Rykov. After Rykov was arrested in 1937, the town was renamed into Ordzhonikidze after another Soviet party- and statesman G.K.Ordzhonikidze. By 1939, the population was 88,200. The name Enakievo was returned in 1943.

During the Second World War, it was under siege from Italian army auxiliary units that were seconded to the German Army. They were followed by German units.

The city was attacked October 31, 1941, and was not freed until September 3, 1943. Street fighting was fierce between the end of November and the beginning of December 1941. “Recruitment” of civilians (ostarbeiter = east workers) began in December 1941.

In 1950, Italian prisoners of war were put to trial, over atrocities in Enakievo (including the destruction of a hospital). Apparently, no convictions were registered, and, by 1954, all Italian POWs were returned to Italy.

In 1950s, several plants were put into operation: of ferro-concrete items, of construction material, of house building, automobile-repairing.

On September 16, 1979, on the territory of the city, in the “Yuny Communar” mine, there was a nuclear explosion - “Klivazh” object.

In 2002, the mine was closed as non-perspective and environmentalists worry about the danger of filling the mine with water. It might cause radioactive pollution of underground water. That’s why pumps continue to pump the water out of abandoned mine.




Photogallery Yenakiieve Ukraine:



Enakievo Ukraine city weather, sights, photos
Enakievo Ukraine city weather, sights, photos
Gallery

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