Yekaterinburg Russia

Keywords: Yekaterinburg Russia
Description: Ekaterinburg or Yekaterinburg . from 1942 till 1991 - Sverdlovsk, is the fourth largest city in Russia (after Moscow, St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk), an administrative center of Sverdlovsk

Ekaterinburg or Yekaterinburg. from 1942 till 1991 - Sverdlovsk, is the fourth largest city in Russia (after Moscow, St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk), an administrative center of Sverdlovsk oblast .

The city is an important transport and logistic hub on Trans-Siberian railway, a large industrial center. Ekaterinburg is located in the central part of Eurasia, 1667 km from Moscow.

4 April, 2011 / Free travel on new high-speed trains should allay fans' fears about long journey to Ekaterinburg - the most far-flung city on Russia's list of sites for 2018 World Cup. Let's hope the train will not break down in the middle of nowhere.

1 February, 2011 / Today is the 80th anniversary of the birth of Boris Yeltsin, the first president of Russia. President Medvedev today unveiled a monument to Yeltsin in his home city Ekaterinburg. First one in Russia.

In spring 1723, by the emperor Peter’s I decree, construction of the largest in Russia iron producing plant began on the banks of the Iset River. Ekaterinburg was built as the capital of the mining region spread on a huge territory on both sides of the Urals, in Europe and Asia.

After completion of construction, Ekaterinburg plant overcame in technological equipment all other metallurgical plants not only in the country, but in the world.

Catherine II presented Ekaterinburg the status of a district town of Perm gubernia. The main road of the Russian Empire was constructed through a young town - Bolshoi (Big) Siberian Road.

That’s why Ekaterinburg, together with other Permian towns, became a key-town to endless and rich Siberia, “a window overlooking Asia” like St. Petersburg was a Russian “window overlooking Europe”.

From the end of the 19th and the early 20th century, Ekaterinburg was one of the centers of revolutionary movement in the Urals. Former Russian emperor Nicholas II and his family were shot in the city in July 1918, in Ipatyev’s House. Church-on-Blood was built on this place recently.

From 1919, the city was the center of Ekaterinburg gubernia, from 1923 till 1934 - the center of Ural oblast (province). On October, 14, 1924, it was decided to rename the city after Yakov Sverdlov, a prominent Communist Party leader.

In Soviet times, Sverdlovsk, being originally a relatively small provincial town, turned into a large industrial center. In 1930s, intensive construction of machine-building and metallurgic plants began in the city.

After the World War II, new industrial and agricultural plants were put in operation, construction of new houses began, heating and gas maintenance were changed greatly. In 1980, construction of the subway began.

On September 4, 1991, the city received its original name again. In 2000s, trade, business, tourism were developing rapidly in the city.

In June 15-17, 2009, SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization) and BRIC (Brasilia, Russia, India, China) summits took place in Ekaterinburg, which greatly influenced economic, cultural and tourist situation in the city.

Right from its foundation, Ekaterinburg was a major industrial center. In the 18th century, the main industries were smelting and metal processing, since the beginning of the 19th century - machine-building, and, in the second half of the 19th century, light and food (in particular - milling) industries.

A new round of development came in the period of industrialization. This time, giant heavy machinery plants were built. During the Second World War, about 60 enterprises were evacuated from Central Russia and Ukraine to Sverdlovsk. Today, more than two hundred large and medium-sized enterprises are registered in Yekaterinburg.

Today, Ekaterinburg is one of the largest financial and business centers in Russia. Offices of transnational corporations, branch offices of foreign companies, a great number of federal and regional financial institutions can be found in the city.

It is the third (after Moscow and St. Petersburg) largest transportation hub of Russia - 6 federal highways, 7 railways meet here.

The main air gate of Ekaterinburg is an international airport “Koltsovo”. It is one of the largest and most modern airports in Russia handling millions of passengers a year.

Flights to dozens of cities located all over the world are carried out from “Koltsovo”. The other city airport “Uktus” offers local flights and charter flights of business aviation.

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