Yalta Ukraine



Keywords: Yalta Ukraine
Description: Yalta is located on the south shore of the Crimean Peninsula (Crimea Republic ), 79 km from Simferopol. There is a trolley-bus line between these cities. It is a sea port and highway hub. The

Yalta is located on the south shore of the Crimean Peninsula (Crimea Republic ), 79 km from Simferopol. There is a trolley-bus line between these cities. It is a sea port and highway hub.

The current status of Yalta is disputed between Ukraine and Russia. De facto, it is controlled by Russia as the entire Crimea.

On March 16, 2014, a referendum was held and the results showed that the majority of Crimeans voted for independence of Crimea and joining Russia. However, the legitimacy of the referendum is questionable.

It was not recognized internationally. This event is widely regarded as the annexation of Crimea by Russia. Ukraine considers Crimea as its territory temporarily occupied by Russia.

Yalta was founded by the Greeks approximately in the 1st century. The legend says that Greek sailors lost their way because of the storm. They searched the shore for a long time and, when finally they saw the shore (“yalos”), they decided to give the founded settlement this name.

In antique times, the settlement was the part of the Roman Empire, in the Middle Ages - of the Byzantine Empire, Feodoro principality and Genoa colonies. It was known as Yalita and Jalita. From 1475 to 1774, the south shore of Crimea was the part of the Ottoman state.

In 1778, the Christian population of Crimea was removed to Azov area according to the Russian government order. Crimea became the part of the Russian Empire which caused Crimean Tatars’ massive migration. Yalta was almost uninhabited. By the end of the 18th century, it was a small fishermen village.

In the mid 19th century, the town gradually turned into a popular resort and rapidly grew. It started developing as a health resort in the 1860s.

Favorable climate with mild winters and its scenic location between the sea and the mountain made Yalta a popular resort. There were a lot of hotels and sanatoriums in the town.

By the early 20th century, a lot of representatives of the Russian elite, including some members of the emperor’s family and monarchs themselves had dachas and palaces in Yalta or near it.

During the World War II, the city suffered German occupation and deportation of the Crimean Tatars in 1944.

From February 4 to 11, 1945, Yalta conference took place in the city. In February 1945, the three chief Allied leaders met during the conference in Livadiya Palace to plan the final defeat and occupation of Nazi Germany.

After the war, Yalta grew and developed as the resort. In 1961, the trolley-bus line connected it with Simferopol.




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