Ulan Ude Russia



Keywords: Ulan Ude Russia
Description: Ulan-Ude is the capital and administrative center of Buryatia Republic of Russia located in the eastern Siberia. The city is standing on the Uda River about 100 km from Baikal Lake and 5,640 km

Ulan-Ude is the capital and administrative center of Buryatia Republic of Russia located in the eastern Siberia. The city is standing on the Uda River about 100 km from Baikal Lake and 5,640 km from Moscow.

First people settled in the area of present Ulan-Ude were tribes of Evenks and Buryat Mongols. The city itself was founded by Russian Cossacks colonizing Siberia in 1666. The fortress received name Udinskoe meaning “standing on the Uda River”.

The settlement was growing quickly because of its favorable geographical position and soon Udinskoe became an important trade center connecting Russia, China and Mongolia. In 1690, the settlement received the status of administrative center of Transbaikal region.

Udinskoe settlement received the status of the town in 1775 with the new name - Udinsk. In 1783, the city was renamed again to Verkhneudinsk (meaning Upper Udinsk). The town was heavily damaged during the fire in 1878.

In 1900, the new period of growing began when Trans-Siberian Railway reached the town. From 1880 to 1939, the population of the city grew from 3,500 to 126,000.

In 1934, the city received its current name Ulan-Ude meaning “red Uda” (“red gate” from Buryat people language).

Ulan-Ude had the status of “closed city” until 1991. Today it is an important center of Siberian culture and history.




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