Mahidpur India



Keywords: Mahidpur India
Description: Mahidpur (माहिदपुर) is a city and tahasil in Ujjain district Madhya Pradesh. It is located in the Malwa region. Several chalcolithic remains have been excavated in this town. Located at the

Mahidpur (माहिदपुर) is a city and tahasil in Ujjain district Madhya Pradesh. It is located in the Malwa region.

Several chalcolithic remains have been excavated in this town. Located at the bank of river Kshripra, city still has dilapidated old fort. Remnants of the war could be seen at a place named "Bhasmi Tekri" (Ashes Hill). City also has one of the oldest Mahalakshmi temple in the battle field. Tara Kunchi ri Bawdi (Lock & Key Well) near the battle field is underground link to flee Mahidpur fort.

Mehidpur during British India was in Indore state of Central India, on the right bank of the Sipra, 1543 ft. above the sea, and 24 m. N. of Ujjain. Pop. (1901), 6681. Though of some antiquity and frequented by Hindu pilgrims, it is best known for the battle fought in the neighbourhood on 20 December 1817 (Battle of Mahidpur). in which Sir John Malcolm defeated the army of Holkar. The result was the Treaty of Mandsor and the pacification of Malwa. Mehidpur was again the scene of some sharp fighting during the Indian Mutiny. The British cantonment, placed here in 1817, was removed in 1882.

In the Battle of Mahidpur, fought at village Dubli . Sir John Malcolm defeated the army of Holkar. The result was the Treaty of Mandasor and the pacification of Malwa. Mahidpur is located at the bank of river Kshripra, city still has dilapidated old fort. Remnants of the war could be seen at a place named "Bhasmi Tekri" (Ashes Hill). City also has one of the oldest Mahalakshmi temples in the battlefield. Tala Kunchi ki Bawdi (Lock & Key Well) near the battlefield is supposedly the underground link to flee Mahidpur fort.

There was a war between British Army and the Maratha Forces, known as Anglo-Maratha War, at Dubli village near Mahidpur in Ujjain District on 21 December 1817.

The battle of Mahidpur between Holkar and the British was fought on 21 December 1817. The charge on the British side was led by John Malcolm himself. A deadly battle ensued lasting from midday until 3:00 am. Lieutenant General Thomas Hislop was commander in chief of the Madras army. Hislop came in sight of the Holkar army about 9:00 am. [1] The British East India Company's army lost 800 men [2] but Holkar's force was destroyed. [3] The British East India Company's losses were 800 killed or wounded but Holkar's loss was much larger with about 3,000 killed or wounded. [4] These losses meant Holkar was deprived of any means of rising in arms against the British, [5] and this broke the power of the Holkar dynasty. The battle of Mahidpur proved disastrous for the Maratha fortunes. Henry Durand wrote, "After the battle of Mahidpur not only the Peshwa's but the real influence of the Mahratta States of Holkar and Shinde were dissolved and replaced by British supremacy." [6]

Although the power of the Holkar family was broken, the remaining troops remained hostile and a division was retained to disperse them. The ministers made overtures of peace, [7] and on 6 January 1818 the Treaty of Mandeswar was signed; [8] Holkar accepted the British terms in totality. [9] Holkar came under British authority as an independent prince subject to the advice of a British Resident. [10]

According to other sources [11] the Maratha Army lost about 3000 men. The British Army lost 9 officers and 175 Soldiers. The Hindus were cremated.

The graves of 9 British Officers were built by British Officer R. Gibbins whose two brothers were also killed in the war. Names of these British officers were:

  1. Donald McCallion - Army Chief
  2. Lt. Charles Coleman - Madras European Regiment
  3. Lt. Hencom - Madras European Regiment
  4. Le. Glen - Third PLI
  5. Lt. Morton - Rifle Cross
  6. Lt. Shahnahan - Rifle Cross
  7. Lt. Jorn - Rifle Cross
  8. Lt. Gibbins - IInd Battery Regiment
  9. Lt. John Gibbings - Officer IIIrd Division




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