Magnitogorsk Russia



Keywords: Magnitogorsk Russia
Description: Magnitogorsk (also known simply as Magnitka ) is the second largest city of Chelyabinsk region. one of the largest centers of ferrous metallurgy in the world. The city is located in the

Magnitogorsk (also known simply as Magnitka ) is the second largest city of Chelyabinsk region. one of the largest centers of ferrous metallurgy in the world.

The city is located in the south-western part of the region, close to the boundary with Bashkiria, on both banks of the Ural River, both in Asia and Europe. Magnitogorsk is situated 308 km north-west of Chelyabinsk; the distance to Moscow is 1,689 km.

Magnitnaya fortress was built on the right bank of the Yaik (the Ural today) in 1743. In 1759, iron ore mining began. After the suppression of the Pugachev peasant uprising, the Russian Empress Catherine II ordered to rename the Yaik into the Ural River “to bring to oblivion all that has happened.” In 1840, about 200 people lived in Magnitnaya village. In 1866, the population was more than 1,700 people.

In January 1929, the Soviet authorities decided to start construction of the Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Plant. The first train with builders from all over the USSR arrived to the station “Magnitogorskaya” on June 30, 1929. This date became the birthday of Magnitogorsk.

One of the main reasons for the construction of the metallurgic city was the presence of very rich iron ore deposits in the mountain Magnitnaya (hundreds of millions of tons of ore, iron content - about 60%). Rich deposits of iron ore, large rivers (the Ural and the Belaya), a possibility to construct roads in steppes which lead to Kuzbas coal deposits - these were the reasons for the founding of the city in the southern Urals.

By December 1931, more than 40,000 people were working on the construction site. The metallurgical plant was built on the left (Asian) bank of the Ural River and the city grew on the right bank of the river, in Europe. In 1932, the first blast furnace began production of cast iron. In July 1933, the first steel was produced. In January 1936, the first tram line was opened. In 1939, the population of Magnitogorsk was 146,000 people.

In 1940, the city produced 8.7% of the total Soviet cast iron and 11.2% of steel. During the Second World War, several chemical and steel plants were evacuated to Magnitogorsk. In the 1950s, the city experienced rapid growth, and, by the end of the decade, the population of Magnitogorsk reached 311 thousand people.

Today, there are over 1,300 industrial plants in Magnitogorsk, the main one is Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works (“Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Kombinat” or “MMK”). Due to the large concentration of industrial enterprises Magnitogorsk is one of the most polluted cities in Russia. In 2003, Church of the Ascension of Christ was consecrated.




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