Kaffrine Senegal



Keywords: Kaffrine Senegal
Description: Kaffrine Work Zone Summary May 2014 by PCV Hannah Mills The region of Kaffrine is located in the heart of the Peanut Basin in central Senegal. Kaolack, Fatick, and Diourbel border it in the west, Louga and Matam in the north, Tambacounda in the east, and the Gambia in the south. The Kaffrine Work Zone…

The region of Kaffrine is located in the heart of the Peanut Basin in central Senegal. Kaolack, Fatick, and Diourbel border it in the west, Louga and Matam in the north, Tambacounda in the east, and the Gambia in the south. The Kaffrine Work Zone includes the Departments of Birkilane, Kaffrine, and Malem Hodar.

Created in 2008, the Department of Kaffrine has a population of approximately 470,000 and is dominated by the Wolof ethnic group, although there is a significant minority Pulaar population (Pulaar du Nord dialect). The regional capital, Kaffrine, has a population of 28,396 as of 2007. There are four departments in the region: Birkilane (pop. unknown), Kaffrine (pop. 467,784), Malem Hodar (pop. unknown), and Koungheul (pop. unknown). Since Kaffrine recently became an official regional capital under the auspices of the Senegalese government, official offices in the city are new and still, in many ways, loosely organized. As of February 2014, PCVs in the Koungheul department formed their own work zone, although they often work with Kaffrine PCVs.

The Kaffrine Department is on the southernmost edge of the Sahel. Its climate is semi-­‐ arid, with annual rainfall between 500-­‐800 mm. There are three distinct seasons: the rainy season (June-­‐October), the cool-­‐dry season (October-­‐March), and the hot-­‐dry season (March-­‐June). Absolute temperatures range from 55 degrees F in the cool season to 110 degrees F in the hot season. Most soils are clays or sandy soils, although some areas with loamy soils are also found in the region. Soils are significantly depleted and the region has been seriously deforested. Savanna-­‐type vegetation characterizes the region. The water table typically sits at 20-­‐30 meters.

The economy of Kaffrine relies almost exclusively on rainy season agriculture activities. The primary crops are peanuts, millet, and corn. No large scale food processing is done in the region. Surpluses, particularly of peanuts, are sold to the government and processed elsewhere.

There are currently twelve volunteers in the Kaffrine Work Zone: three Sustainable Agriculture, four Agroforestry, one Urban Agriculture, one Community Economic Development and three Health. While the majority of the volunteers in the Work Zone are agriculture based, all of the volunteers work together on a variety of cross-­‐sector projects. See the next page for a list of the past year’s activities, which ranged from malaria market booths to mango grafting to earthworks tourneys.




Photogallery Kaffrine Senegal:



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