Gagarin Russia



Keywords: gagarin, russia,wikis
Description: The town's former name comes from the name of the river Gzhat whose water has a slightly rusty tinge: Gzhat - Gzha - Rzha - Rusty (Гжать-Гжа-Ржа-Ржавый) . On November 11, 1719 the settlement is

The town's former name comes from the name of the river Gzhat whose water has a slightly rusty tinge: Gzhat - Gzha - Rzha - Rusty (Гжать-Гжа-Ржа-Ржавый) .

On November 11, 1719 the settlement is transformed by Peter I decree to transshipment landing stage (was called as Gzhatsky landing stage).

From the middle of the 18th century — the Gzhatsk large village, in 1776 under Catherine II decree is transformed to the district city of Gzhatsk and has received the coat of arms: «loaded with bread the barge ready to departure in a silver field" meaning that at this city nice landing stage of the grain».

The city was building on crossing water and overland ways — Moscow way (from the east to the West) and Smolensk way (from the south in parallel the river). By the regular plan 1773 he has received the triangle form. One party has been extended in parallel the river of Gzhat, another — on parallel road to Moscow, the triangle basis connected both parties. The city has been enclosed by shaft in which a rectangular grid streets settled down. Near to Gzhatsk in village Tsaryovo-Zajmishche on August, 29th, 1812 Kutuzov has accepted command of Russian army. In day of the introduction of Napoleon army, at night a city has lighted up and some days burnt. Under Gzhatsk Denis Davidov's guerrilla group has started to operate. Russian army has entered again a city on November, 2nd, 1812. At city restoration in 1817 basically the former regular lay-out has been kept. In the middle of 1905 in village near to Gzhatsk New-Pokrovsk during fair there have see demonstrators with a red flags. On October, 31st (on November, 13th) 1917 in Gzhatsk and district the Soviet power has been proclaimed. A year later counter-revolutionary insurrection has flashed. In June, 1919 the Union of Communistic Youth has been organised.

During the Second World War in a city worked flax factory, a sawmill, a brickyard, roller-mill, a bakehouse complex, a weaving factory, power station and artels. In 1935 the sound cinema is opened. The district club, library, the Teacher's club operated.

Till 1968 the city was called Gzhatsk. Into 1968 city has been renamed in "Gagarin" in honour of the first-ever cosmonaut Juri Gagarin who was born in 1934 in village Klushino close by a city and the perished in 1968.

    ^ Администрация Смоленской области. Постановление №261 от 30 апреля 2008 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Смоленской области», в ред. Постановления №498 от 19 сентября 2008 г «О внесении изменения в реестр административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Смоленской области». Опубликован: База данных "Консультант-плюс". (Administration of Smolensk Oblast. Resolution #261 of April 30. 2008 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Territorial Units of Smolensk Oblast. as amended by the Resolution #498 of September 19. 2008 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Territorial Units of Smolensk Oblast. ). ^ http://www.gagarinadmin.ru ^ http://www.gagarinadmin.ru ^ http://www.gagarinadmin.ru ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). " Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000 )" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19 . ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2002 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the Census (2002). ^ " Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers. )" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg2.php. Retrieved 2007-12-13 .




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