Damak Nepal



Keywords: iom, international organization for migration, nepal, mhd, migration health, kathmandu, refugees, bhutanese refugees, health services for refugees, migration health assessment center, health resources for migrants, humanitarian aid, donations, refugees, return, idps, mhac
Description: International Organization for Migration Nepal

Nepal became an IOM member state in 2006. In 2007, the Government of Nepal (GoN) and IOM signed a memorandum of understanding to encourage cooperation and the delivery of services to Nepal, which is a country of origin, transit and destination of migration. IOM’s initial focus was on the resettlement of Bhutanese refugees. Since then, the organization’s staff has grown to 435 (including 416 national staff, 3 UN volunteers and 16 international staff by August 2015), and IOM has diversified its areas of cooperation with the GoN into additional fields such as Forced Migration, Migration Health, Migration and Development, Facilitating Migration and Regulating Migration .

Nepal is undergoing a complex and prolonged political transition. A decade-long armed insurgency ended in 2006 following a Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the Seven Party Alliance and the Community Party of Nepal – Maoist (CPN-M). An election was held in 2008 which voted in a 601 member Constituent Assembly (CA). On 28 May 2008, during its first session, the CA declared Nepal a secular republic. The CA was mandated to draft a new constitution and preside over Nepal’s transition to a federal state.

After nearly a decade, on 20 September 2015, the President of the Republic Ram Baran Yadab declared the promulgation of the Constitution of Nepal 2072, transforming the Republic of Nepal into a federal state.

While the promulgation of the Constitution constitutes remarkable progress, challenges remain. The management of significant migration flows, including out-migration motivated by rising unemployment, remains a major challenge faced by the Government of Nepal. A total of 2,226,152 labor permits were issued over the six-year period from 2008 to 2014, with the annual rate increasing by 137 percent over this period (Labor Migration for Employment - A Status Report for Nepal: 2013/2014). Many migrant workers have low levels of literacy, are unskilled or semi-skilled and lack accurate and adequate information on formal channels for migration. These factors combine to heighten vulnerability, and Nepal is considered a country of origin for the trafficking of people for labour, sexual and other forms of exploitation.

According to the Crime Investigation Department of Nepal Police, sex trafficking is particularly common from Nepal to India, with as many as 5,000 to 10,000 women and girls trafficked to India each year. Porous and uncontrolled borders with neighboring countries further compound the challenges faced by the Government of Nepal in preventing and responding to these crimes.

Nepal is also highly susceptible to natural disasters. The country is the 11th most vulnerable to earthquakes globally (UNDP, 2009) and Nepal is 4th most vulnerable country to climate hazards and climate change (Climate Change Vulnerability Index, 2010). On 25 April and 12 May 2015, devastating earthquakes measuring 7.6 and 7.3 Richter respectively killed at least 8,790 people and destroyed 605,254 houses. IOM launched a humanitarian response within the framework of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC), member of the UN Country Team and Global Lead for the Camp Coordination & Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster. By end September 2015, IOM’s emergency response activities reached 142,000 households in 19 districts, representing an estimated 710,000 men, women and children. Relief activities include the provision of emergency shelter and non-food items (NFIs); management and coordination in camps and camp-like settings; water, sanitation and hygiene promotion; transportation assistance including emergency evacuations; health services and psychosocial support; and information management to track displacements and response pipelines. As the response moves into the recovery and reconstruction phase, IOM is also engaged in early recovery livelihood activities, community resilience building and disaster risk reduction. IOM works from three operational hubs in Chautara, Charikot and Gorkha through a network of 44 local and international partners.




Photogallery Damak Nepal:



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IOM Damak Operations, Nepal 2012 - YouTube

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Portfolio (Compressed)